Famous Ships - Ocean Liner Museum - Ocean Liner Museum UnLtd
Ocean Liner Museum 2014 Updated and Improved. Read about real ships, their past and present. If you are interested in Ocean Liners and want to learn more then bookmark this site are we regularly update our nautical information. Happy Browsing (and sailing!)
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The white star line
The white star line operated between 1845 and 1936 and had approximately 120 ships,when in 1936 she was taken over by her old rival, cunard steamship company, the company was now known as the cunard-white star steamship co.in 1957 the white star part of the name was dropped the company returning to its former name of cunard.
Shaw saville & co was formed in 1858, by robert shaw and walter saville ( former clerks to willis gann & co ) robert shaw having had a disagreement with willis gann, resulting in a pay decrease, decided to quit and form his own company,walter saville quickly followed shaw in leaving gann & co and joined shaw in his new venture.patrick henderson's albion line was formed in 1856.the two companies came together in 1882 to form the shaw savill & albion line ( note the 'e' now dropped from 'saville' ) the relationship between ssa and the white star line emerged when they ran a joint service to new zealand between 1884 & 1933.the service being taken over completely by ssa when the white star line merged with the cunard steamship c0mpany in 1936. in 1985 ssa became part of the furness withy group.in 1990 the bulk of the furness withy group was sold to the german based hamburg-sud.the name ofthe u.k holding company was shaw savill holdings ltd. /p>
The white star line was formed by john pilington and henry wilson in 1845.the company originally concentrated on the australian gold mining trade.the early white star line vessel's were the blue jacket ( later to become the white star ) the red jacket and the ellen.john pilington left the company and was replaced by john chambers in 1861. /p>
The white star line merged with the blackball and eagles line in 1863 in an attempt to expand and to increase its profitability.this company was known as the " Liverpool melbourne and oriental steamship company ".things did not go well.the companies new vessel " sirius " was being built, but had to be sold before it entered service.john chambers was replaced by john cunningham in 1865 as part of a management re-shuffle.
/p> In an attempt to save itself the white star line split from the newly formed " liverpool melbourne and oriental steamship company ".the companies vessel royal standard was put on the liverpool to new york run,she was slow and cumbersome, which didn't help the companies financial situation ( although a steamship she was regularly overtaken by sail ships ) in 1867 white star faced bankruptcy and was put up for sale.
In 1868 , sir edward harland ( harland and wolff, belfast shipbuilders ) and thomas ismay, businessman became partners and purchased the white star line as an investment.their idea was to build faster more durable vessel's ( i.e iron ships as opposed to one's made of timber ) one of the agreements between the white star line and harland and wolff being that harland and wolff would build all future white star vessels, also that harland and wolff would not build ships for any of white star lines competitors,and at the same time white star would not place any orders for ships with any of harland and wolff's competitor ship yards./p> In 1870 the white star line vessel " oceanic " was launched and put into service a year later.shortly afterward came the rest of the original" big four " atlantic,baltic and republic.in 1873 white star suffered its first setback, the atlantic ran aground near halifax,nova scotia resulting in the lost of nearly 600 passengers.the ships master was found negligent in his duty at the inquiry and his masters certificate was suspended for two years.
When thomas ismay died in 1899 his son john bruce ismay took over the white star line. this prompted a new partnership between bruce ismay and lord pirrie of harland and wolff ( sir edward having died in 1895, and was replaced by lord pirrie ) by the early 1900's competition was fierce between the shipping companies, which was doing no one any good.an american, millionaire, john pierpoint morgan, decided to try and cash in on the situation and to buy all the rival shipping companies and run them together with a fixed shipping price.thus the international mercantile marine, or imm was formed.
The british shipping companies were not amused, and considered it a threat to their livelihood which prompted the cunard line to do something, and fast. the result was the lusitania and the mauritania.with these two cunard liners operating on the north atlantic route the white star line decided to accept the offer from john pierpoint morgan and become part of the imm.one agreement that morgan had with the british admiralty was that in time of war the white star line ships could be requisitioned by the admiralty.which was a bit of forward thinking on the navy's part, as great britain was looking at the possibility of war with germany shortly.
Bruce ismay would remain as white star line's chairman and managing director.lord pirrie ( harland and wolff ) was happy with this arrangement as his firm would now build all vessels that came under the imm.the only problem left now was the competition from cunard line and from some of the german lines, that were building some very large vessels at the time.the answer was to build some even bigger , if somewhat slower vessels.the " olympic class liner ". the first to be built was the olympic followed by the titanic and finally the gigantic ( she was laid down under this name, but launched as the britannic which was considered a more suitable and patriotic name after the titanic disaster.the image to the left shows the titanic's designer thomas andrews.
During the war years most of white star's vessels were tied up with the admiralty ( the agreement between the navy and john pierpoint morgan's imm ).in 1927 all white star line vessels were back under their control, and it was business as usual.in 1936 white star was taken over by her old rival the cunard steam ship company.the company was now known as the cunard - white star steamship company.in 1957 the white star part of the name was dropped and the company returned to its original name of cunard steamship company.the white star line had operated between 1845 and 1936 and had approximately 120 ships under her control.not all being built for white star, or for that matter owned by her, some being chartered, managed or had been obtained from germany as war compensation or just purchased from other companies.
Choose from a 138,000 ton Mega ship or a smaller traditional style 16,000 ton cruise ship. There's a massive range of destinations to choose from - Scandinavia, Mediterranean, Caribbean, Alaska - the list goes on and on. Most days, you will find yourself waking up in a new port with it's own new experiences. To help you get the most from each port you visit, your cruise line will arrange shore excursions which you can book & pay for once on board. Or if you prefer, you can explore on your own.
Most cruises, particularly those that are further afield, will involve a flight from the UK in order to join your chosen cruise ship. For those who do not want to fly, there are many cruises which depart from and return to the UK. A cruising holiday is an ideal way to meet new friends so they are perfect whether you travel alone, as a couple or as a family. Dining is one of the great cruising pastimes and all meals on board the ship are included in the holiday price. In most dining rooms, passengers are assigned a table with a similar mix of people. There are more solo women cruisers than men and on many ships there are carefully selected and well travelled gentleman hosts for dancing, a game of cards or a drink at the bar without any complications.Most modern cruise ships are floating resorts with numerous activities on board. Of course, if you prefer to do nothing, all have a sun deck and swimming pool. At night, Broadway-style shows and casinos, numerous bars and lounges keep you entertained.
All you need to decide is what type of cruise you would enjoy. Smart or casual? Active in the Mediterranean, broaden your horizons in Alaska or just relax in the Caribbean